Currently the primary threats to the Leuser Ecosystem are illegal roads and deforestation. This is due to a global demand for products like timber and palm oil. Profits go to an elite and frequently to outside parties, as opposed to the local communities in Aceh. Moreover, the short-term financial gains are countered by significant socio-economic as well as environmental damage in the long-term. Flash floods and landslides are already causing massive losses to the lives and livelihoods of Aceh’s people as its forests are increasingly destroyed.